An Australia-wide Criminal History Check contains a confirmation via a report that a person to whom it relates either has no 'disclosable' convictions or has a 'disclosable' conviction that is detailed in the report.
A 'disclosable' conviction is one that is recorded by the court and has not been rehabilitated or spent under the Criminal Law (Rehabilitation of Offenders) Act 1986 and, in the case of Commonwealth convictions, the Crimes Act 1914 (Commonwealth), and does not breach the confidentiality provisions of the Youth Justice Act 1992.
There are three most common types of National Criminal History Checks.
1. 'Name Only' National Criminal History Check - based on a searc of the person's name against the criminal history records held by police services Australia-wide.
This is most often sought for employment purposes. Other reasons for seeking this police check include providing insurance companies with an official document relating to past offending, and for a visa to work or reside in another country (this is limited to only a few countries as most require a fingerprint search as well as a name search).
2. A 'Name with Fingerprints' Police Certificate - based on a search of the person's name and fingerprints against the criminal history and fingerprint records held by the police services Australia-wide.
This is most often sought by persons applying for a visa to work or reside in another country, or for adoption purposes.
3. A 'Name Only' with ASIO Security Assessment - Ammonium Nitrate Police Certificate - based on a search of the person's name against the criminal history records held by the police services Australia-wide, and an ASIO security assessment relating to politically motivated violence.
This Certificate is sought by persons employed or seeking employment with companies and other employers who are licensed to access security sensitive Ammonium Nitrate e.g. mining companies.
Persons who are Australian residents but living or travelling outside of Australia and seeking a national Police Certificate should apply to the Australian Federal Police. Information on applying can be obtained at www.afp.gov.au